The Importance of Hand Illustration in a Digital Age
There are several reasons to illustrate artifacts by hand rather than rely on photos:
a. A camera can only reveal what is exposed to the lens; if there’s a shadow, it will obscure important details.
b. Drawings can depict hidden, as well as visible surfaces; they show an object as it exists, rather than as it is perceived by the camera. For example, in illustrating a grave with only partial bones visible, the artist can “fill in” the missing bones.
c. A good drawing represents an artifact in the most favorable conditions of light and darkness, with no detail obscured by shadows or obliterated by harsh lighting.
d. Lithic analysts continue to prefer illustrations instead of photography. This is due in part because many stone tools are highly reflective or even translucent.
e. Hand illustrations are also preferred to digitally created drawings. The difference in quality of a hand-drawn illustration supersedes a computer generated one.
Archaeological illustration is more informative than a photo. As the artist, you control what you want the viewer to see by focusing on the areas that have been worked by humans.
One does however, recognize the need for photographing artifacts, especially in museums for keeping a digital inventory. In archaeology, researchers are now creating amazing 3-D images that enable the viewer to see different angles of an artifact. And, a microscopic photo that shows texture and color is often important to include in analytical reports.
Unlike other professions where digital technology has replaced traditional methods, researchers in archaeology still rely on the detailed drawings that an illustrator can produce. Just open an archaeological report, magazine or book, and you’ll find the majority of stone tools and pottery are shown as hand done line drawings – along with the photographs.
Instead of pitting photography and digital technology against hand illustration, the general consensus in the field of archaeology is that hand-drawn illustrations complement digital imaging and vice versa. Having both – provides a complete analysis and a better representation of the artifact.